The Construct PV project aims to improve PV modules through architectural research with a number of international science and industry partners. The research has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° 295981. The goal of the project is to convert the standard industrial PV module into a product that offers greater design flexibility to meet the needs and requirements of different socio-geographic areas. A further aim of the research is to create a design catalogue with aesthetic and cost-effective choices for PV modules – and bring these possibilities to the European market, together with our partners in the PV manufacturing industry.
All images below © Construct PV Consortium.
The following research partners are involved in the project:
Züblin, Germany (General Contractor and Project Management)
D’Appolonia, Italy (Market Analysis and Project Management)
Fraunhofer-ISE, Germany (PV Research Institute)
NTUA, Greece (Technical University)
AMS, Greece (General Contractor)
SUPSI, Switzerland (University of Applied Sciences)
ENEA, Italy (PV Research Institute)
TU Dresden, Germany (Technical University)
Meyer Burger, Switzerland (PV Manufacturer and PV Production Line Manufacturer)
Tegola Canadese, Italy (Roofing Manufacturer)
Various small and large scale mock-ups are currently in production for the Construct PV research project. These mock-ups explore the integration of PV in both roofs for large scale installation and production, and in facades testing the compatibility of PV with various facade types.
Small Scale: Roof and Façade Mock-ups
Small Scale Mock-up: Roof
This small scale mock-up specifically deals with the integration of PV on the roof. This 1:1 scale model will be tested and monitored in Lugano, Switzerland, before being evaluated, improved and produced for a large-scale installation in Athens, Greece.
Small Scale Mock-up: Façade
For this small scale mock-up, a range of typical glazed façades is displayed to show the compatibility of PV with various façade types. The detailing in the mock-up is developed to target seamless integration of PV in various façade designs and geometries. On a more detailed level this setup also displays variations of PV-module cell designs and patterns in the layering of the PV module. The mock-up is installed on a mobile platform to allow transportation to trade fairs and exhibitions and will be exhibited at a number of fairs in the coming year.
The small scale façade setup consists of:
Standard curtain wall, with Mosaic PV integrated in the opaque spandrel panel.
A retrofit of the Zueblin Z3 building façade. This office building is used by Zueblin in Stuttgart, Germany. Zueblin is one of the partners in the Construct-PV project and a subsidiary of the Strabag SE international real estate and construction company.
Large Scale: Roof Sculpture and Façade Retrofit
Large Scale: Roof Sculpture atop the NTUA University Building in Athens, Greece
The challenge for this large scale mock-up is to provide an architectural design for a PV product that is flexible enough to adapt to various climatic (relating to sun inclination) and typological (relating to roof geometry) situations throughout Europe. The building site for the mock-up is located on the roof of a university building on the campus of the National Technical University in Athens, Greece.
The basic product, resembling a glass shingle, can be used as a design element that is flexible enough to adapt to the different identified situations - representing a range of roofs from the high north in Norway to the deep south in Greece.
Roofs in the EU Solar Inclination Study
For the best electricity production output, the PV shingle on the roof surface is positioned to match the angle of solar radiation. The main difference for the different latitudes is the steepness of the inclination of the sun during the day and year in the mentioned countries.
Roofs in the EU Typology Overview
The large variety of roof typologies in the European Union results in a requirement for the PV-product to be flexible enough to cover a wide range of geometries, from angled to convex and concave.
Roof Sculpture Design
The roof installation consists of one sculptural form combining a selection of eight design surfaces representing the identified geometries both in terms of typology and inclination. The combined sculptural design results in one integrated whole, which is both weatherproof and fully PV capable.
The eight roof surfaces, which vary in angle, typology, size, and surface finish (metal or PV), have a distinctive pixelated pattern. This pattern aims to further incorporate the PV shingles with a mix of regular metal shingles, demonstrating a full integration of the PV product within this collection of roof types.
Large Scale: Façade Retrofit Introducing PV into an Existing Office Building Facade
The façade of the Z3 building on the Zueblin Campus in Stuttgart, Germany, was chosen as the target for a retrofit of an existing building envelope. The Z3 building is an existing office building used by Zueblin, a large contractor based in the south of Germany. The building already has a large number of sustainability measures implemented. The request was to retrofit the façade with PV capability while complementing the existing design aesthetics of the facade. The existing façade was designed by MHM architects in Vienna, who cooperated with UNStudio to adapt the façade design to allow PV capability.
Large Scale: Z3 Building, Existing Situation
The aim of the design for the existing building was to use PV while maintaining the pronounced existing geometry in the form of wooden fins and refining it with an additional subtle layer of PV reflecting the façade’s appearance on a more detailed level.
Large Scale: Layering of PV in the Z3 Façade
The aim of this concept was to replace the original dark anthracite hard glass front panel with a transitional design both in terms of colour and in PV, ultimately to deliver a more vibrant, integrated design layer reflecting the geometry of the vertical and angled wooden lamellas.
In the middle of the south-facing façade, the silkscreen pattern is designed to be dense and the play between pattern and PV appears most vividly. Moving from the centre to the corner of the building, the patterned PV opens up and the colour of the façade starts to match the existing colour on the east and west façade, which will not be altered.
The chosen colours for the glass back panel are of a darker colour range to match the dark colours of the existing spandrel panels. The silk screen on the front panel reflects the angular nature of the lamellas on a more refined scale.
Z3 Façade PV Module Design
The pattern design is engineered to allow as much solar radiation as possible to reach the PV cells behind. The effective coverage of the silk screen is between ten and fifteen percent, which will lead to only limited reduced output efficiency, again showing the fine balance between cost and effect in the design of architectural PV modules.
Z3 Façade PV Module Prototype
An alternative fabrication technique shown in one of the prototypes below is the sandblasting of the front panel. This technique was used for the early prototyping of the PV modules, to be able to test various designs.
Visualisation of Retrofit PV Facade: Z3 Building, Stuttgart
The retrofitting of the large scale façade of the Z3 building is planned for completion in early 2016. The final goal for the south façade is to provide an enhanced layered design integrating colour and PV, resulting in an innovative and long-term façade solution.
Posted by: UNStudio / Architectural Sustainability Platform