UNStudio’s Inventive Materials Platform has been investigating the potential of high performance concrete to develop facade elements for a project in the Caucasus. The research is a continuation of UNStudio's participation in the Experimenteel Beton Prefab Casestudies, organised with Cement&BetonCentrum and bureaubakker. For this event UNStudio teamed with microbeton, NOE-Betonvormgeving, and Triple Solar. This challenge led to a design solution based on an integrated element combining multiple functions into one.
In order to investigate the potential of high performance concrete for a façade element which would enhance building performance, a “V” shaped fin element was developed. This element was designed to protrude a sufficient distance from the building skin in order to provide shading for the building’s peak heat load. The fin was designed as a variable element with the capacity for production in different sizes and for installation at different angles. This intention initiated an investigation into the techniques required to produce such lightweight façade elements in ultrahigh performance concrete. This in turn resulted in the development of a flexible mould, hinged at the center and capable of meeting all angles required by the designer.
Key Integrated Functions:
Titanium Dioxide Concrete
Urban Acoustic Damper
Collecting Solar Energy
Concurrently, taking into consideration the specific geometry of the “V” fin, the idea emerged to make the same shading element a solar energy collector. To achieve this goal, various prototypes were designed and tested which integrated a heat collector to maximise collection from all possible angles of solar exposure and which could be used for heating water in an embedded aluminum system. This system directly integrates with the building’s system.
Further research could involve utilising the lower side of the fin as an urban acoustic panel, to reduce noise pollution around the building. This study might involve a perforation or embossment of the surface, realised via a flexible rubber sheet added as a layer to the fin.
The research has been continued and expanded by UNStudio for a current project in the Caucasus.
Posted by: UNStudio / Inventive Materials Platform