Daegu Wolbae IPARK
When the Hyundai Development Company asked UNStudio to assist in creating the IPark apartment developments, we opted for a ‘people first’ approach. The residents of this new development now enjoy shared amenities that encourage a sense of community and promote physical and psychological wellbeing. While other buildings leave no option but to return home, residents of the IPark have healthy options: to use the fitness spaces, enjoy the playgrounds with their children, or engage with nature by strolling through the landscaped courtyards and meeting with neighbours.
As a result of the rapid urbanisation of the booming middle class in South Korea, standardised apartment living continues to be the most popular type of housing in the country. In cities across South Korea, nondescript housing can be found stacked in identical, densely packed blocks. These homogenous residences offer little more than spaces to live, and do not encourage community interaction or recreation.
Daegu is the fourth largest city in South Korea and is often referred to as ‘Textile City’ - due to its rich history of manufacturing textiles and its annual fashion and textile fairs. By contrast, the repetitive colour and silhouettes of the city’s dominating mega-blocks do not reflect the Daegu identity. In order to capture the essence of this city's vibrant character, two multi-coloured, pixelated motifs - similar in part to the texture of fabric, or a media screen - are used to weave the apartment towers together, whilst creating distinct identities for each development. This use of colour zoning not only reinforces identity, it also establishes community and communicates the relationship between the inside and outside of the two mega-blocks.
How can we create the family- friendly high rise ?When green space is found next to high-rise neighbourhoods, it immediately becomes a recreational opportunity for local inhabitants, so long as they are close by and easily accessible. While balconies can also bring nature into the living space, they can quickly become cramped, cluttered, underused, or sit uneasily with younger families who live on higher stories.
By placing green parkland at the focal point of the IPark residential blocks, we not only allow for recreation, but encourage a healthy lifestyle and community development for those who live within the blocks themselves. These large open park spaces allow for whole families - who may otherwise not have an opportunity to meet - to gather together in a safe, natural environment. For young families, this space is an opportunity for childhood friendships to develop in the playgrounds, while young adults and teenagers can find a direct link to nature along the running track and gravel forest trails. Such green cores encourage community spirit and can act as a buffer to the social seclusion sometimes found in less considered high rise residential blocks. Read about our ongoing explorations of this theme in the Superliving workfield.
If we understand how we live today, we can shape the way we will live tomorrow. In the Superliving workfield we investigate emerging tendencies and innovations in the built environment. These can range from new sensorial and intuitively adaptive technologies, to affordable housing, micro-living and the future of the family unit. Together with experts in other fields, we develop future-proof solutions that push the workfield’s focus beyond spatial considerations towards radical design interventions.Read more
Concept and Design
FAÇADEOn an urban scale, dynamic and fluid facades break up the imposing magnitude of this development compared with similar ones close by. On a local neighbourhood level, the faades playfully transform a typical grid of windows into a textured and articulated colour pattern.
In Block 1 the façade uses depth and shadow to accentuate each layer, opening and balcony, forming a system of horizontal bands. In Block 2 a diagonal pixilation of colour blocking achieves similar dramatic results. Every apartment becomes unique, reinforcing a sense of identity and ownership for its residents.